Burn Injury- Let’s learn

A burn is a type of injury which damages layers of skin (such as epidermis, dermis, and hypodermis).

  • Contact with flame, hot liquids, steams, chemicals etc..
  • Heat generated due to an explosion
  • Passage of electricity through the human body for a longer time

First-degree burns are called a superficial burn which damages only the epidermis, the first layer of skin. Symptoms: Skin may get red.

Second degree burns damages both the epidermis and the dermis (the dermis is the second layer of skin). Symptoms: These burns are painful. The injured area can swell and appear red with blisters.

Third-degree burns damage through the epidermis and dermis and affect deeper tissues. Symptoms: The injured area can appear charred and may be black, white, or deep red.

Fourth-degree burns are deeper, damage the skin, fat, muscle and maybe bones.

The burn size (per cent %) can be assessed through the diagram (shown below) called the Rule of Nines.

Image source: Internet

The severity of a burn injury may depend on the followings:

  • Degree of the burn
  • Percentage of the skin burned
  • Age of the injured person
  • Other parameters: the body part which is affected, inhalation of any toxic gases or smoke, type of burn, medical condition of the victim etc.

47 thoughts on “Burn Injury- Let’s learn”

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